The area includes the Nehalem River watershed from the ocean/estuary close to the headwaters by connection with the North Fork Nehalem COA . The area includes Nehalem Bay State Park. The state park helps to protect the 4-mile north spit from development. In April 2015 Western Snowy Plovers were found attempting to nest at Nehalem Spit State Park for the first time in many years. The site is being managed for Western Snowy Plovers through the Coastal HCP between the state of Oregon and USFWS.
COA ID: 009
Oregon’s Coast Range, known for its dramatic scenery, is extremely diverse, with habitats ranging from open sandy dunes to lush forests and from tidepools to headwater streams. It follows the coastline and extends east through coastal forest to the border of the Willamette Valley and Klamath Mountains ecoregions
Occurring along the Oregon coastline, coastal dunes provide habitat for species that prefer open, sandy habitats with a high degree of disturbance from winds and tides.
Estuaries occur where freshwater rivers meet the oceanic salty waters, are influenced by tidal flooding, and experience frequent periodic changes in salinity, water levels, sunlight, and oxygen.
Late Successional Mixed Conifer Forests
Late successional mixed conifer forests provide a multi-layered tree canopy, including large-diameter trees, shade-tolerant tree species in the understory, and a high volume of dead wood, such as snags and logs.
Flowing Water and Riparian Habitats
Flowing Water and Riparian Habitats include all naturally occurring flowing freshwater streams and rivers throughout Oregon as well as the adjacent riparian habitat.
Wetlands are covered with water during all or part of the year. Permanently wet habitats include backwater sloughs, oxbow lakes, and marshes, while seasonally wet habitats include seasonal ponds, vernal pools, and wet prairies.
Black Oystercatcher (Modeled Habitat)
California Myotis (Modeled Habitat)
Caspian Tern (Observed)
Chinook Salmon (Documented)
Chum Salmon (Documented)
Coastal Cutthroat Trout (Documented)
Oncorhynchus clarki clarki
Coastal Tailed Frog (Observed)
Coho Salmon (Documented)
Columbia Torrent Salamander (Observed)
Cope’s Giant Salamander (Modeled Habitat)
Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel (Modeled Habitat)
Fringed Myotis (Modeled Habitat)
Harlequin Duck (Observed)
Hoary Bat (Modeled Habitat)
Leach’s Storm-Petrel (Modeled Habitat)
Oceanodroma leucorhoa leucorhoa
Long-legged Myotis (Modeled Habitat)
Marbled Murrelet (Observed)
Northern Red-legged Frog (Observed)
Northern Spotted Owl (Observed)
Strix occidentalis caurina
Olive-sided Flycatcher (Observed)
Peregrine Falcon (Observed)
Falco peregrinus anatum
Purple Martin (Observed)
Progne subis arboricola
Red Tree Vole (Modeled Habitat)
Silver-haired Bat (Modeled Habitat)
Steelhead / Rainbow / Redband Trout (Documented)
Oncorhynchus mykiss ssp
Townsend’s Big-eared Bat (Documented)
Tufted Puffin (Observed)
Western Snowy Plover (Observed)
Charadrius nivosus nivosus
Western Toad (Modeled Habitat)