Black-necked Stilts are generally found in alkali wetlands and freshwater ponds and lakes. They prefer foraging sites with extensive shallows and those that are free of human disturbance.
Black-necked Stilts select nest sites on the edges of lakes or shallow inland wetlands, often with emergent vegetation. These nesting areas can be vulnerable to drought and flood conditions. Stilts may move in response to changing water levels or abandon unsuitable sites altogether. Black-necked Stilts are colonial-nesters and are highly sensitive to human disturbance.
Describe breeding and post-breeding habitat needs in a landscape context. Use this information to direct water-level management across a matrix of sites. Document sources of nest predation. Investigate the effects of climate change on habitat suitability and population persistence.
Maintain suitable nesting and foraging areas across the landscape to provide sufficient habitat, regardless of annual variation in precipitation and water levels. Monitor and address polluted runoff concerns, including organochlorine pesticides, selenium, and mercury.