In the Oregon Conservation Strategy, information needs are identified at various scales:

  • Specific ‘Data Gaps’ are indicated for each Strategy Species.
  • ‘Data Gap Species’ are documented. These are species where not enough information is known to determine whether they meet the conservation criteria to qualify as Strategy Species.
  • General research and monitoring needs are outlined for Strategy Species.

Data Gap Species

The Conservation Strategy identifies 112 Data Gap Species, including 6 amphibians, 9 birds, 12 mammals, 45 fish, and 40 invertebrates. For these species, some basic information, such as distribution and range, habitat associations, and general abundance, is not known, and it is not possible to determine whether they are truly at risk, or should be designated as a Strategy Species. The Oregon Conservation Strategy Data Gap Species list documents species that require more information to determine whether they should be elevated to Strategy Species status.

Invertebrate Species Taxonomic Information

For invertebrates, few specific surveys are typically done each year, and basic information is often lacking. Before making a conservation designation for Strategy Species or Data Gap Species status, more taxonomic information is needed to determine whether a group of invertebrates actually represents a population of one species or is a distinct species. If it is determined to be a distinct species, then more data on range and habitat associations may still be needed to determine conservation status.

During the technical review for the 2016 Strategy update, these invertebrates were determined to lack sufficient taxonomic information before they can be fully designated as a Data Gap Species or a Strategy Species: bald hesperian, basalt juga, Blue Mountains duskysnail, Blue Mountains juga, brown juga, Cascades axetail slug, Columbia duskysnail, Columbia springsnail, Crooked River juga, Deschutes mountainsnail, Deschutes sideband, diminuitive pebblesnail, disc Oregonian, Fall Creek pebblesnail, Hells Canyon mountainsnail, hotspring physa, humped coin, Keene Creek pebblesnail, Klamath taildropper, Lake Albert springsnail, Lake of the Woods pebblesnail, Malheur pebblesnail, Malheur springsnail, Modoc peaclam, Modoc Rim sideband, nerite pebblesnail, northwest hesperian, Oak Springs hesperian, Opal Springs juga, Owyhee hot springsnail, pinhead pebblesnail, purple juga, thinlip tightcoil, three-band juga, toothed pebblesnail, and Tuscan pebblesnail. The same applied to the following species complexes: duskysnails (Colligyrus), jugas (Juga), mountainsnails (Oreohelix), pebblesnails (Fluminicola), and springsnails (Pyrgulopsis).

Additional resources for invertebrates: Oregon Biodiversity Information Center, Oregon Department of Agriculture, The Xerces Society for Invertebrate Conservation

Data Gap Species List

TaxaCommon NameScientific NameBMCRCPECKMNBRWCWV
AmphibianCalifornia Slender SalamanderBatrachoseps attenuatusKM
AmphibianGreat Basin SpadefootSpea intermontanaEC
AmphibianNorthern Leopard FrogLithobates pipiensNBR
AmphibianOregon Spotted Frog Rana pretiosaKM
AmphibianTiger Salamander, undetermined subspeciesAmbystoma mavortiumEC
AmphibianWestern ToadAnaxyrus boreasWV
BirdAmerican Three-toed WoodpeckerPicoides dorsalisWC
BirdBlack-backed WoodpeckerPicoides arcticusWC
BirdBlue-gray GnatcatcherPolioptila caeruleaKMNBRWC
BirdBrandt's CormorantPhalacrocorax penicillatusCR
BirdGolden EagleAquila chrysaetosBMCRCPECKMNBRWCWV
BirdLark SparrowChondestes grammacusCPKM
BirdLewis's WoodpeckerMelanerpes lewisWV
BirdOak TitmouseBaeolophus inornatusKM
BirdYellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanusBMCPECNBRWV
MammalBlack-tailed JackrabbitLepus californicusWV
MammalCamas Pocket GopherThomomys bulbivorusCRWV
MammalGoldbeach Western Pocket GopherThomomys mazama helleriCR
MammalLong-eared MyotisMyotis evotisBMCRCPECKMNBRWCWV
MammalPistol River Pocket GopherThomomys umbrinus detumidusCR
MammalPreble's ShrewSorex prebleiBMECNBR
MammalRocky Mountain Red FoxVulpes vulpes macrouraBM
MammalWestern Small-footed MyotisMyotis ciliolabrumBMECKM
MammalWhite-footed VoleArborimus albipesCRKMWC
MammalWhite-tailed Antelope SquirrelAmmospermophilus leucurusNBR
MammalWolverineGulo guloECWC
MammalYuma MyotisMyotis yumanensisBMCRCPECKMNBRWCWV
FishBlackside or Coastal Speckled DaceRhinichthys nubilisCR
FishBonneville Redside Shiner / Snake Redside ShinerRichardsonius hydrophloxNBR
FishColumbia Mottled SculpinCottus hubbsiNBR
FishColumbia Tui Chub / Malheur Tui ChubSiphateles columbianusNBR
FishGoose Lake LampreyEntosphenus tridentatus ssp.EC
FishHotspring Redside ShinerRichardsonius thermophilusNBR
FishKlamath Lake LampreyEntosphenus tridentatus ssp.
EC
FishKlamath Lake SculpinCottus princepsEC
FishKlamath River LampreyEntosphenus similisEC
FishKlamath Smallscale Sucker (group): Jenny CreekCatostomus rimiculusECKM
FishKlamath Smallscale Sucker (group): Rogue SmallscaleCatostomus rimiculusCRKM
FishLahontan Redside ShinerRichardsonius egregiusNBR
FishLahontan Tui ChubSiphateles obesusNBR
FishLeopard DaceRhinichthys falcatusBMCPNBRWCWV
FishMalheur Mottled Sculpin Cottus bendireiBMNBR
FishMalheur Spring DaceRhinichthys sp., unresolved taxonomyNBR
FishMargined Sculpin Cottus marginatusBMCP
FishMottled SculpinCottus bairdiiBMCRNBRWCWV
FishNorthern (PIT) Roach / California RoachHesperoleucus symmetricusEC
FishOregon Lakes Tui Chub (group): Abert Lake Tui ChubSiphateles oregonensisNBR
FishOregon Lakes Tui Chub (group): Oregon Lakes Tui ChubSiphateles oregonensisNBR
FishOregon Lakes Tui Chub (group): Silver Lake Tui Chub Siphateles oregonensisNBR
FishOregon Lakes Tui Chub (group): Summer Basin Tui ChubSiphateles oregonensisNBR
FishPaiute SculpinCottus beldingiiBMCRCPNBRWCWV
FishPit-Klamath Brook Lamprey Entosphenus lethophagusEC
FishPrickly SculpinCottus asperCRCPECWCWV
FishRedside Shiner / Columbia Redside ShinerRichardsonius balteatusBMCRCPECKMNBRWCWV
FishReticulate SculpinCottus perplexusCRECKMWCWV
FishSheldon Tui Chub (group): Catlow Tui Chub Siphateles eurysomaNBR
FishSheldon Tui Chub (group): Sheldon Tui ChubSiphateles eurysomaNBR
FishShorthead SculpinCottus confususBMCRECNBRWV
FishSiskiyou Marbled SculpinCottus polyporusKM
FishSiuslaw PikeminnowPtychocheilus sp. CR
FishSlender Sculpin Cottus tenuisEC
FishSpeckled DaceRhinichthys osculusBMCRCPECKMNBRWCWV
FishTahoe SuckerCatostomus tahoensisNBR
FishTorrent SculpinCottus rhotheusBMCRNBRWCWV
FishTui ChubSiphateles bicolorECKMNBR
FishTyee Redside Shiner / Siuslaw Redside ShinerRichardsonius siuslawCR
FishTyee Sucker / Coastal LargescaleCatostomus tsiltcoosenesisCRKM
FishUmatilla DaceRhinichthys umatillaBMNBR
FishUmpqua DaceRhinichthys evermanniCR
FishWarner Basin Tui Chub (group): Goose Lake Tui ChubSiphateles bicolorEC
FishWarner Basin Tui Chub (group): Warner Basin Tui Chub/Lightbelly Tui ChubSiphateles bicolorNBR
FishWestern Speckled Dace (group): Klamath Speckled DaceRhinichthys klamathensisKM
Invertebrate An Amphipod (no common name)Stygobromus lanensis WC
Invertebrate An Amphipod (no common name)Stygobromus saltuarisWC
Invertebrate An Amphipod (no common name)Stygobromus wahkeenensisWC
InvertebrateBarren JugaJuga hemphilli hemphilliWCWV
Invertebrate A Beetle (no common name)Stygoporus oregonensisWV
InvertebrateBlue MountainsnailOreohelix strigosa delicataBM
Invertebrate A Caddisfly (no common name) Farula constrictaWC
InvertebrateCave Obligate Amphipod (no common name) Stygonyx courtneyiWC
InvertebrateChace Sideband Monadenia chaceanaWC
InvertebrateColumbia Gorge Oregonian Cryptomastix hendersoniCP
InvertebrateColumbia PebblesnailFluminicola fuscusBMCPWV
InvertebrateColumbia SidebandMonadenia fidelis columbianaWC
InvertebrateCrooked Creek Springsnail Pyrgulopsis intermediaNBR
InvertebrateCrowned TightcoilPristiloma pilsbryiCR
Invertebrate A Crustacean (no common name)Ramellogammarus similimanusWV
InvertebrateDalles JugaJuga hemphilli dallesensisEC
InvertebrateDonner und Blitzen PebblesnailFluminicola insolitusNBR
InvertebrateHaddock's Rhyacophilan Caddisfly Rhyacophila haddockiCR
InvertebrateHarney Basin DuskysnailColligyrus depressusNBR
InvertebrateJohnson's Hairstreak ButterflyCallophrys johnsoniBMKMWCWV
Invertebrate Mann's Mollusk-eating Ground BeetleScaphinotus manniiBM
InvertebrateMardon Skipper ButterflyPolites mardonWC
InvertebrateMarsh WalkerPomatiopsis chaceiCR
InvertebrateMontane Peaclam Pisidium ultramontanumEC
InvertebrateMorrison Bumble Bee Bombus morrisoniBMCPECKMNBRWC
InvertebrateNerite Ramshorn Vorticifex neritoidesCRWCWV
InvertebrateObscure Bumble BeeBombus caliginosusCRECKMWCWV
InvertebrateOregon Giant EarthwormDriloleirus macelfreshiWV
InvertebrateOregon Plant Bug Lygus oregonaeCR
InvertebratePuget OregonianCryptomastix deviaECWCWV
InvertebrateRoth's Blind Ground Beetle Pterostichus rothiCR
InvertebrateSalamander SlugGliabates oregoniusECWC
InvertebrateScott's Apatanian Caddisfly Allomyia scottiWC
InvertebrateSiskiyou Short-horned Grasshopper Chloealtis aspasmaKM
InvertebrateSouthern TightcoilOgaridiscus subrupicolaBM
InvertebrateSuckley Cuckoo Bumble Bee Bombus suckleyiBMCRECWCWV
Invertebrate Umatilla MegomphixMegomphix lutariusBM
InvertebrateVernal Pool Haliplid BeetleApteraliplus parvulusKMNBRWV
InvertebrateWahkeena Falls Flightless Stonefly Zapada wahkeenaWC
InvertebrateYellow Bumble Bee Bombus fervidusBMCRCPECKMNBRWCWV

General Research and Monitoring needs for Strategy Species

Species Management and Monitoring

  • Determine baseline conservation status, estimated population size, and trends for Strategy Species.
  • Develop and implement survey and monitoring methodology for species lacking protocols.
  • Determine population goals for Strategy Species while accounting for current habitat conditions and potential for habitat restoration in Oregon.
  • Develop measurable indicators of high quality habitat. For example, develop a framework for using species and habitat indicators to assess habitat status and trends.
  • Determine relationships between population dynamics and habitat dynamics.
  • Evaluate effectiveness of providing passage around barriers for fish and wildlife (including amphibians, reptiles, and mammals) to enhance migration or habitat connectivity.
  • Improve data collection efforts and methods for all Plant Strategy Species (all plants of conservation concern).

Species Observation Data Management

An initial step to filling Strategy Species Data Gaps is taking advantage of available species observation datasets.

Species observation information collected throughout ODFW should be compiled and managed within centralized databases, and the process to incorporate data should be streamlined and automated as much as possible. This would not only allow surveys and research results to be better incorporated into statewide analyses and programs, but also provide a structure for recording incidental observations of Strategy Species by ODFW field staff.

Incorporating species observation datasets developed and maintained by partner agencies and organizations into ODFW databases and programs is a critical component of understanding species distributions, populations, and ranges. Species observations are a common dataset, frequently collected by government agencies, private contractors, conservation organizations, and public citizens. A concerted effort is involved to communicate with these organizations to understand what is available, and then how best to incorporate the information. The ODFW works closely with the Institute for Natural Resources, ORBIC to access and incorporate their biodiversity database of species occurrences throughout Oregon. This database includes contributions from various state and federal agencies as well as specific monitoring projects, such as the North American Breeding Bird Survey. This database provides an ideal way to incorporate information from multiple agencies, but finding and inputting additional datasets require further effort. Carefully planned citizen science projects can provide more information on species observations with members that are trained in technique and identification protocols, while also providing a way for the public and landowners to contribute species information for use within the Conservation Strategy and other ODFW projects. For additional information, see the Monitoring page.